About MAcS of Ukraine

The Minor Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

The Minor Academy of Sciences (MAcS, the Academy) of Ukraine is an educational system that aims at providing the organization and coordination of students’ research activities, creating conditions for their intellectual and creative development, spiritual advance, and vocational self-determination to support the scientific potential growth of the country.

Founded nearly 70 years ago, the Academy passed through several stages of its formation and development. Precondition for the extracurricular education entity to be launched was the organization of the extracurricular education institutions’ scientific student clusters the network of which was formed in the 1920s–1940s. According to the USSR Academy of Sciences’ request to strengthen patronage over the children’s scientific organizations in 1939, there was adopted the Resolution on Patronage over the Kyiv Palace of Pioneers Concerning the Work with Talented Children and Youth, so that the scientific clusters got to work in most Ukrainian large cities during next 10 years. Later on, the separate clusters and sections join into the students’ scientific societies.  Thus, in 1947 there was launched the Science and Technology Students’ Society on the Kyiv Palace of Pioneers base, with the first students’ theoretical and practical conference held in Kyiv in 1950. The first mass scientific entity was the Minor Academy of Sciences of Crimea named “Iskatel’” (“seeker” in English) and established in 1963, this experience becoming the basis to found minor academies of sciences in different Ukrainian regions in the 1960s-1980s.

In the 1980s-1990s, the Minor Academy of Sciences of Ukraine’s development coincides with the implementation of research methods into the compulsory and extracurricular education institutions’ teaching and educational process, with the MAcS formation to be one of the components of the extracurricular education system. In 1977, the Ukrainian SSR Ministry of Education adopted the first Standard Provision on The Minor Academy of Schoolchildren, resulting in the creation of scientific students’ unions in several Ukrainian regions: Donets’k, Dnipropetrovs'k, Zhytomyr, Rivne, Kharkiv oblast’s, and the city of Melitopol’. In all, until 1987 there had been launched 11 minor academies of sciences.

Since 1990, the new stage of the MAcS movement began, with the I Republican Theoretical and Practical Conference Among Students’ Scientific Societies Members held in the city of Odessa. In May 1992, there was held the I All-Ukrainian M.S. Hrushevs’ky Contest Among Young Historians. In 1993, there were several research paper contests to be first held at the same time and following different scientific directions. On December 22, 1993 and resulting from joined meeting of the board of the Ukrainian Ministry of Education and the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, there was approved common Resolution No. 19/3-9, 351 on Ways to Enhance the Activities of the Minor Academies of Sciences and Students’ Scientific Societies as Scientific Elite Formation Centers; there was formed MAcS Presidium and taken the decision to launch the single Minor Academy of Sciences of Ukraine  and its regional branches. Thus, 1993 became the crucial year from the point of the creation of MAcS modern model. In accordance to the document, there were adopted Provisions on The Minor Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and its Regional Branches, Provisions on Coordination Council, the List of the Main Higher Education Institutions of Ukraine and Scientific Establishments of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine as well as the implementation terms of the MAcS regional branches passport system.

On that stage, the Academy collaborated with 60 Ukrainian higher education institutions and 44 scientific establishments of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), with the Research Paper Defense Competition Among MAcS Student-Members enhancing its way to conduct.

One of the important steps was the implementation of the Provision on All-Ukrainian Students’ Olympiads in Basic and Special Subjects, Tournaments, Research Paper Defense Competitions and Professional Skill Contests. In addition, approved by two documents, there were adopted a new extracurricular educational institutions’ nomenclature, and  a new type of extracurricular education institutions – Minor Academies of Student Youth – implemented, with the L’viv, Melitopol’, Lugansk,  Ternopil minor academies of student youth being the first extracurricular educational entities of that kind. These documents were as follows: the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine on Implementation of the Provision on Extracurricular Education Institution (No. 45, adopted on January 26, 1994) and the Order of the Ministry of Education (No. 45, adopted on February 2nd, 1994).

Another one benchmark in the course of MAcS development was launching extracurricular education institution “The Minor Academy of Sciences of Student Youth” established in 2004 in accordance with the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine’s Resolution on Enhancing System to Organize the Work on Children and Youth Education in the Extracurricular Education Institutions (No. 1301, August 20, 2003). The main function of the extracurricular education entity was the coordination of the extracurricular education’s research-experimental direction. Gradually, the specialized extracurricular education institutions’ network – minor academies of student youth – formed.

Of great importance for the MAcS activities and development was the adoption of the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine on Approval of the Work with the Gifted Youth State Special-Purpose Programme for the 2004 - 2006 Period (No. 1016, approved on August 8, 2007).

Of great significance was the NAS of Ukraine’s Presidium meeting held on December 11, 2009 and dedicated to the MAcS activities, resulting in the double subordination status of the extracurricular education institution “Minor Academy of Sciences of Student Youth” , the institution being doubly subordinated to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine and the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. In accordance to the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine on Enhancing the Work With Gifted Children (No. 88, approved on February 2nd, 2010), the institution was named the Ukrainian State Center “Minor Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”.

Having played a significant role in the MAcS development, the President of Ukraine’s Order No. 927/2010 approved on September 30, 2010 on Events Concerning the Development of the System to Identify and Support Gifted and Talented Children and Youth activated the process to form the student youth regional academies of sciences’ network. In addition, in accordance with this order the Ukrainian State Center “Minor Academy of Sciences of Ukraine” got the national status.

At present, the National Center “Minor Academy of Sciences of Ukraine” (NC MAcSU) is an educational institution carrying out the common state functions for searc, development and support gifted and talented student youth. Annually, NC MAcSU conducts nearly 30 events at the all-Ukrainian level in the area of mеthodological activity and more than 40 mass events those for gifted student youth, with new projects including international ones being set up. The amount of the gifted children from all over the country involved in the research activity increases with each year to reach its peak of 250,000 students in 2011.

It’s due to the MAcS’s pedagogical, research and educational workers playing the key role to educate the young researches that the Academy’s students get those high academic achievements. At present, the Academy’s faculty consists of nearly 6,500 scientists and pedagogical workers, 1,500 of them being doctoral candidates and the 300 doctors of sciences; extracurricular education institution‘s teachers make up 11% of the Academy’s research and educational faculty, with the  compulsory education institution teachers 47% and  higher education institution lecturers 42% correspondently.

Having been organized in accordance with the structure approved by the MAcS Presidium, the Academy’s research activities branch out into scientific departments and sections. To meet the MAcS students’ research interests and demands in different science and technology areas, the new sections and scientific departments have been annually implemented into the system of the Academy. Thus, during the 2008 - 2009 academic year the MAcS structure numbered eight scientific departments divided into 48 sections, while the 2011 - 2012 academic year had its 11 scientific departments divided into 48 sections.   

The most preferable areas for the Ukrainian gifted children to follow research activities in are the philology and fine arts (25 %), chemistry and biolology, ecology and agricultural science (23%), history and geography (20%), while the scientific departments dealing with the areas of  mathematics, computer science, physics and astronomy, science and technology have their 10%, 7%, 6% and 4% of the gifted children correspondently.

Student-members of MAcS are the participants of different events held at the regional, all-Ukrainian and international level, those events being intellectual contests, tournaments and Olympiads to show students’ good results and creative abilities.

Nearly 100,000 seniors are used to taking part in the All-Ukrainian Research Paper Defense Competition Among MAcS Students-Members, an annually held competition being a significant MAcS event the only thousand third stage winners of which reach the final.

Appropriate scientific area experts form the MAcS defense competition jury, the experts being scientific and research and educational workers of the following educational entities: the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine and other Ukrainian higher education institutions. The scientific departments of the MAcS curators are the NASU academicians composing the MAcS Presidium.

Being an integral component of the MAcS of Ukraine’s effective activities, the Academy’s cooperation with higher education institutions, scientific establishments, public entities, and business structures contributes to the successful realization of its main function, the formation of the Ukrainian nation’s intellectual potential.

Nowadays, the Minor Academy of Sciences of Ukraine is successful in nurturing gifted young people those knowing what concrete area they wish to professionally develop in, good armed with research tools, being well aware of their vocation, following the specific direction in an appropriate science area, while studying at school. Thus, when entering higher education institution, they have clear understanding what science field they wish to deal with.

Website Adresses:

Volyn regional MAcSU branch

Rivne regional MAcSU branch

Zhytomyr regional MAcSU branch

Kyiv regional MAcSU branch

The city of Kyiv regional MAcSU branch

Chernihiv regional MAcSU branch

Sumy regional MAcSU branch

L`viv regional MAcSU branch

Ternopil` regional MAcSU branch

Khmelnytskyi regional MAcSU branch

Vinnytsia regional MAcSU branch

Cherkasy regional MAcSU branch

Poltava regional MAcSU branch

Kharkiv regional MAcSU branch

Luhans`k regional MAcSU branch

Zakarpattya regional MAcSU branch

Ivano-Frankivs`k regional MAcSU branch

Chernivtsi regional MAcSU branch

Kirovohrad regional MAcSU branch

Dnipropetrovs`k regional MAcSU branch

Donets`k regional MAcSU branch

Odesa regional MAcSU branch

Mykolayiv regional MAcSU branch

Kherson regional MAcSU branch

Zaporizhzhia regional MAcSU branch

Autonomous Republic of Crimea regional MAcSU branch

The city of Sevastopol regional MAcSU branch

The city of Sevastopol regional MAcSU branch The city of Kyiv regional MAcSU branch Ivano-Frankivs`k regional MAcSU branch